The unprecedented pace and scale of the proliferation of slums and informal settlements pose a major challenge to cities of developing countries like the Philippines and the international community. The numbers on slum dwellers are appalling and necessitate a global response. Data reveal that in 2000, there were 94 million urban poor/slum dwellers in the world’s cities (more than 20% of the world population). By the year 2020, an additional 500 million will be added to the figure making it 1.424 billion urban poor/slum dwellers. And that by 2030, urban poor or slum population will have reached the 2 billion mark.
One of the most important issues that confront us today is the use of genetically modified organisms (GMO) in agriculture. It has become a strategic issue for many because the outcome of this debate has many implications beyond agriculture. The GMO debate inevitably brings up questions about the environment, food safety, sustainability, and ultimately, our relationship to nature.
But while many arguments have been raised both for and against GMO, these debates do not always illuminate the issue because they do not always address the same question, and often, they do not adequately present facts.
The Republic of the Philippines follows a presidential system of government divided into three departments:(1) the legislative department, which deals with the making of the laws; (2) the executive department, which deals with the enforcement of laws; and (3) the judicial department, which deals with the settlement of disputes and controversies .
According to Justice Laurel, the doctrine of separation of powers is intended to secure action, to forestall over action, to prevent despotism and to obtain efficiency. However, a government cannot function efficiently by strictly following this principle of separation of powers.
This paper focuses on institutional capacity within the Philippine nation-state to manage floods and the risks of flood-related disaster. Focusing the analysis on institutional changes and flood-related disaster during the last two decades, the study explores ways of reducing the risks of flood disasters in ways that do not further disadvantage already socially vulnerable groups. Newspaper coverage of flood disaster and assessment of flood disaster risk management in the Philippines were reviewed.
The enactment of Republic Act (RA) No. 9136 on 8 June 2001 consolidates the restructuring efforts of the energy sector of the Philippines. Known as the “Electric Power Industry Reforms Act of 2001,” R.A. 9136 provides the legal bedrock and institutional framework for restructuring the energy industry in the country.
The fundamental question facing the public at this juncture is: How can energy restructuring efforts be made more participatory, equitable and sustainable in the Philippines? After seven years of social debate in Congress as well as in the streets (civil society mobilizations), it is crucial at this point that the public (civil society) continually and critically engages in shaping the direction of restructuring efforts.
Money is something generally accepted as a medium of exchange, a measure of value, or a means of payment. Indeed, it is a tool of exchange right in the heart of every commercial transaction, including a contract of loan.
By the contract of loan, one of the parties delivers to another, either something not consumable so that the latter may use the same for a certain time and return it, in which case the contract is called a commodatum, or money or other consumable thing, upon the condition that the same amount of the same kind and quality shall be paid, in which case the contract is simply called a loan or a mutuum. A simple loan may be gratuitous or with a stipulation to pay interest.
Morphology and morphometry of four species of non-marine turtles found in Palawan, Philippines, namely the Southeast Asian Box Turtle Cuora amboinensis, the Asian Leaf Turtle Cyclemys dentata, the critically endangered Philippine Forest or Leyte Pond Turtle Heosemys leytensis, and the Malayan Softshell Turtle Dagania subplana, were studied. Fieldwork was conducted in Puerto Princesa City, Aborlan, Brooke’s Point, Bataraza, Dumaran and Rizal from August to November 2003. A total of 180 individuals were measured, comprising 31 C. amboinesis, 27 C. dentata, 115 H. leytensis, and 7 D. subplana, 164 of which were encountered in captivity.
This study is centered on the development of a Physics interactive software package for the Nursing students, using the software tool Flash version 5.0 by Macromedia Company. The software serves as an instructional tool that highlights animated illustrations and simulations, sounds effects and interactivity of the presentations, features which cannot be done with a slider or an overhead project. The software has three main categories: the Lecture, Problems and Laboratory Activities.
Gender Law and Transformative Justice is a subject matter which government lawyers have just been recently exposed to as a result of the Philippine Governments policy to make the pillars of the justice system gender sensitive. This policy is a response to the efforts of non-government organizations, alternative law groups and developmental lawyers to spearhead the mainstreaming of gender and development (GAD) in the country. Various departments and offices of the Government have initiated GAD-related projects.
“Economists say what needs to be done and it is up to the legal profession to figure how to do it”. Former ASEAN Sec. Gen. Rodolfo C. Severino citing a maxim
Harmonization of laws, as a field of academic study, is normally viewed from a comparative laws perspective wherein the purpose is to determine which country’s legal rules offer or express the “better standard.” This better standard will then be used as the basis for the harmonized rules. Comparative legal studies, however, assume that the points of comparison have already been established, that the areas and issues of law on which the laws of two countries differ have already been identified.