Vulnerability, Risk Reduction, and Adaptation to Climate Change


The Philippines is an archipelago comprised of 7,107 islands ( 1,000 of which are inhabitable ) , with a total area of 299,404 sq km . 1 Located between 5 and 20 degrees N of the equator, it has a humid climate and a topography characterized by mountainous terrain bordered by narrow coastal plains . T he country’s topography is steep, with the highest peaks reaching nearly 3 , 000 m above sea level , located at a distance of less than 30 km from the sea. The Philippines are also end owed with interior lowland plain s, of which the central plain and Cagayan Valley on the island of Luzon , and the Agusan and Cotabato valleys of Mindanao are the most extensive . Considered one of the most biologically rich and diverse countries in the world, the Philippines also has one of the world’s longest coastlines , and its marine and coastal resources yield US $ 3.5 billion annually in goods and services . 3 The country’s mineral, oil, gas , and geothermal potential are also significant

Source InstitutionWorld Bank
Source URL
Page Count14
Place of PublicationPasig City
Original Publication DateApril 1, 2011