Mindanao is the second largest island in the Philippines. It makes up 34% of the country’s land area and combined with the Sulu Archipelago has a population of about 20 million, or 25% of the Philippine’s population. Sixteen of the 23 poorest provinces of the Philippines are in Mindanao, and half the people on the island live below the poverty line. The economy is based on the production of basic agriculture and aquaculture commodities, with little value-added on the island in terms of food processing. From the mid-1970s to early 1990s, a combination of deteriorating peace and order and a national government that was able to give only limited attention and financial support to the island, resulted in a poorly performing economy and a general sense in the remainder of the Philippines and the world that Mindanao was at best a land of little opportunity and at worst a dangerous frontier.
|Source Institution||United States Agency for International Development|
|Place of Publication||Manila|
|Original Publication Date|
|Tags||GEM Final Report, Main Report|