Central Mindanao has long been affected by cycles of displacements. These intensified during the first decade of the 21 st century. After years of relatively low intensity conflict between 1976 and 2000, President Estrada’s “All Out War” strategy declared in 2000 led to the displacement of more than 930,000 individuals. In the decade or so since then, there has been some patient progress in talks between the Government of the Philippines (GPH) and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), but these are intermittently put under intense strain by the escalation of armed conflict on the ground.
When fighting does erupt, it leads to mass population displacement. 1 Renewed military operations in 2003 displaced at least 411,000 individuals. Many people were affected by military operations in 2005-07, and then, in 2008, the collapse of GPH-MILF negotiations over the Memorandum of Agreement on Ancestral Domain (MoA-AD) once again displaced hundreds of thousands individuals. ‘Vertical’ conflicts over questions of self-determination are complicated by political power struggles at the local level, often in the form of clan conflicts ( rido).
|Source Institution||World Bank|
|Place of Publication||Davao City|
|Original Publication Date||December 31, 2011|