After examining the historical and social context of the Mindanao conflict, this work explores the establishment of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao as an attempt at local state-building from above and the political and social causes of its failure. The paper then turns its focus to a new approach of societal empowerment at the community level that has been promoted by Japan. The initiative is an unprecedented endeavor for Japan since it is implemented in conflict-stricken zones under the strong influence of anti-governmental forces before peace has been firmly established. The paper concludes by explaining how, as th e progress of the state-building efforts from above is extremely slow, the sole means of protecting and empowering people and fostering re conciliation is to work patiently at the community level.
|Source Institution||Japan International Cooperation Agency|
|Place of Publication||Manila|
|Original Publication Date|