irst, partners observed that From Vision to Action is almost exclusively focused on rural areas, and is not nested within a wider strategy for national development that includes urban areas. Partners said that this may run the risk of creating a false rural-urban dichotomy. To the extent that From Vision to Action discusses rural-urban linkage? 0 it raises the issue in terms of the benefits to the urban poor of successful rural development, rather to the rural poor of opportunities to generate incomes from urban sources and as a means of reducing pressure on scarce natural resources. Participants saw rural-urban linkages as an integral part of how rural households make a living. They stated that rural development cannot always provide the principal answer to rural poverty. In Latvia, Morocco, and Peru, participants indicated that migration from isolated, resource-poor areas to towns will continue to form an important part of the solution to rural poverty.
Second, there is no strategy for resource-poor areas. Some partners said that resource-rich areas offer greater growth potential and a higher return on public investment, but considerations of poverty reduction and regional equity appear to argue for investment in lower-return areas. "Low- return" areas include eastern Latvia, the Atlas mountains of Morocco, the Peruvian Sierra, northern Mozambique, and Mindanao in the Philippines. From Vision to Action does not offer guidance on how to balance the needs of such areas with the objective of maximizing broad-based growth.'
|Source Institution||World Bank|
|Place of Publication||Pasig City|
|Original Publication Date||June 22, 2000|