Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS) in Decentralized Contexts: Comparative Lessons in Local Planning and Fiscal Dimensions


Similar to national planning, regional planning has a programming component. The Regional Development Investment Program (RDIP) consists of three sets of projects: (1) the projects of regional offices of national government agencies; (2) the projects submitted by the provinces for national government funding; (3) devolved activities/projects which are jointly funded by the province and the national government. The RDIP formulation necessarily follows a “limited” bottom- up approach from (1) the provincial governments which needs funding support from the national government; and (2) the regional projects of national agencies. The process is “limited” since there is no formal mechanism for ensuring that the project listing of the provinces for the RDIPs followed a process of integration from the village level. Funding for the RDIP would, in most instances, depend on the national government agencies and eventually the Department of the Budget and Management. There is, however, little incentive for provinces and highly urbanized cities (HUCs) to submit local plans “upwards” to the RDCs since the latter has limited financial resources and budget support from the national government has become more difficult to obtain after decentralization was fully implemented except for inter-LGU initiatives that are high-impact and area-wide such as the development of the CALABARZON and the special attention to Mindanao, among others. Since the RDCs do not directly implement projects, the RDIP remains to be an organized list of projects which can be referred to when the RDC is called upon to endorse projects for ICC clearance.

Source InstitutionWorld Bank
Source URLhttp://www1.worldbank.org/publicsector/decentralization/June21seminar/PhilIndoReport.pdf
Page Count121
Place of PublicationPasig City
Original Publication Date