Philippines | The Indigeneous Peoples Rights Act : Legal and Institutional Frameworks, Implementation and Challenges


RA 9054 (An Act Providing for an Organic Act for the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao) amends Republic Act 6734 and calls for the creation of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). The the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao shall have powers and jurisdiction over the following: administrative organization; creation of revenue sources; ancestral domain and natural resources; personal, family and property relations; regional urban and rural planning development; economic, social and tourism development; educational policies; preservation and development of the cultural heritage; eminent domain; and powers, functions and responsibilities being exercised by the departments of the national government. For IPs within the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, the law provides for the creation of “tribal courts,” which may include a Tribal Appellate Court. These tribal courts will determine, settle and decide controversies and enforce decisions involving family and property rights in accordance with the tribal codes of indigenous communities. Thus, the law mandates the Regional Assembly to enact a local legislation mandating the codification of indigenous laws and the compilation of customary laws in the autonomous region.

Source InstitutionWorld Bank
Source URL
Page Count81
Place of PublicationManila
Original Publication DateJune 1, 2007