Out-of-School Children and Youth in the Philippines: Issues and Opportunities


In 1999, the numbers of Philippine out-of-school Children and Youth (OSCY) was estimated to have reached 8.9 million, a nearly three fold increase in the intervening decade. OSCY refers to those in the age group of 7-24 years, who are out of school, not enrolled in a vocational or tertiary institution, and not employed. A more appropriate breakdown is into two groups: Children (7-14) and youth (15-24), reflecting different needs, circumstances, and corresponding interventions. OSCY in the 7-14 age group are predominately male and from rural areas. In the 15-24 age group, there are significantly more female OSCY, and they tend to migrate to urban areas in search of employment. the rapid increase in OSCY is a reflection of the overall socio-economic circumstances of the country, including poverty, regional inequalities, a rapid population growth rate, sluggish economic growth, and low absorption of the labor force. The largest numbers of OSCY are found in Metro Manila, but the Visayas have the largest numbers in the 7-14 age group, and Mindanao and ARMM have the highest elementary school dropout rates. The overwhelming majority of dropouts come from poor families

Source InstitutionWorld Bank
Source URLhttp://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2005/07/11/000160016_20050711173349/Rendered/PDF/231320PH0white1portunities01public1.pdf
Page Count63
Place of PublicationWashington DC
Original Publication DateSeptember 1, 2003