Natural Disaster Risk Management in the Philippines: Enhancing Poverty Alleviation Through Disaster Reduction


Tropical cyclones : The climate of the Philippines is tropical and is strongly affected by monsoon (rain-bearing) winds, which blow from the southwest from approximately May to October and from the northeast from November to February, although there is considerable variations in the frequency and amount of precipitation across the archipelago. From June to December typhoons often strike the archipelago. Most of these storms come from the southeast, with their frequency generally increasing from south to north. On average, about 20 typhoons occur annually, with the months of June to November averaging approximately 3 typhoon strikes per month. Luzon is significantly more at risk than more southern areas. Typhoons are heaviest in Samar, Leyte, eastern Quezon province, and the Batan Islands, and when accompanied by floods or high winds they may cause great loss of life and property. Mindanao is generally free from typhoons. Figure 1 attached shows portions of coasts prone to storm surge, based on the historical record.

Source InstitutionWorld Bank
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Page Count69
Place of PublicationPasig City
Original Publication Date