Land Degradation and Rehabilitation in the Philippines


Concepcion (2004) profiles the country’s geographic features and land endowment based on data from the Bureau of Soil and Water Management (BSWM). The country is an archipelago of about 30 million ha, formed out half-submerged mountains, pushed up from the sea floor due to tectonic pressures. The island groups are Luzon (14.1 million ha), Visayas (5.7 million ha), and Mindanao (10.2 million ha), respectively at the north, central, and southern parts of the country. The most mountainous group is Luzon, whereas Visayas is a more fragmented group of islands and islets. Mindanao’s terrain is diverse, including volcanic peaks, fault block mountains, plateaus, and low flat basins.

Source InstitutionWorld Bank
Source URL
Page Count47
Place of PublicationPasig City
Original Publication DateFebruary 1, 2009