Sacrificing Development to A void Public Controversy One of the relatively few occasions when the land required for an estate was already owned by smallholders was the pioneering National Development Corporation (N DC ) /Guthrie oil palm plantation in remote Agusan Del Sur Province of Mindanao in the Philippines , which began in 1981. It was to be only the second oil palm plantation in the Philippines and at 8,000 ha by far the largest, aiming to stem a rising tide of palm oil imports.
CDC’s participation as a lender attract ed high profile criticism in the UK – demonstrations outside its London Head Office, a TV documentary, questions in Parliament.
Under the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law it was not possible for a foreign JV to own large blocks of land. The project therefore negotiated to lease under utilised land from a large number of smallholders, who had been allocated land under the reforms but generally lack ed the capital and training to use it. There were allegations that a local militia had been used by the company to intimidate smallholders into signing the leases, and this cause was taken up by the Roman Catholic Church, and became part of a wider campaign against alleged abuses under the dictatorship of President Marcos.
|Source Institution||World Bank|
|Place of Publication||Pasig City|
|Original Publication Date||October 15, 2012|