Internal displacement and the Kampala Convention: an opportunity for development actors


According to a World Bank study, in Mindanao, Philip - pines “displacement is largely a historical outgrowth and most visible sign of the cumulative effect of a long process of discriminatory laws, policies and pro - grams, including development programs. In large part when ‘livelihood opportunities’ emerge as a felt need of the displaced in the many surveys, the underlying issue is that of ‘access to productive assets’, principal among which is clear property rights to land. It is no wonder that many displaced persons with unclear property rights prefer to stay in secure, slum-like periurban settlements of cities [...], or even in evacuation centers and relocation sites with minimum access to basic services and tenuous livelihood prospects [...] the predominance of women, children and elderly men in the rural evacuation centers suggests that many of the young displaced males have either migrated to urban centers or joined the insurrection. In this case displacement, especially when poorly governed, is a breeding ground for instability.”

Source InstitutionWorld Bank
Source URL
Page Count68
Place of PublicationPasig City
Original Publication DateNovember 20, 2012