The Armed Conflict in Mindanao traces its roots to Spanish colonial times, as the Muslim dwellers in the area repelled the Spaniards' conquest. Post-World War II era saw the influx of Christian dwellers from Luzon and the Visayas into Mindanao, thus exacerbating the tension between Muslims and Christians there. Land ownership became a burning issue. The martial law regime under Ferdinand Marcos resulted in open hostilities between the government and the Muslim rebels led by the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF).
|Source Institution||World Bank|
|Place of Publication||Pasig City|
|Original Publication Date||October 1, 2003|