In 1990, the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) was officially created based on Republic Act No. 6734. On 2 September 1996, a peace accord between the Government of the Republic of the Philippines (the GRP) and the Moro National Liberation Front (the MNLF) was reached. This paved the way for the expansion of ARMM in 2001. Meanwhile, armed conflicts between the GRP and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (the MILF), a break-away faction of the MNLF sometime in 1977 continued to escalate and viewed as a repeated version of the GRP-the MNLF war. Although the ceasefire agreement in 2003 resulted in a sharp decline of occurrences of conflicts in Mindanao, there has been a resurgence of conflict incidence since August 2008.
The current events in Mindanao provided the background for the urgency of fast tracking the implementation of various development programs and projects and direct assistance by local and international organizations in Mindanao. These development projects are expected to create and generate an impact on the peace and development agenda in spite of conflicts after August, 2008
|Source Institution||Japan International Cooperation Agency|
|Place of Publication||Makati City|
|Original Publication Date||November 1, 2009|