Filipino Report Card on Pro-Poor Services


Rice is an important staple food, particularly in rural and poor communities. According to the Report Card findings, more than 84% of Filipinos buy rice in the market, while only 13% produce rice they consume. Even in the rural areas, approximately 71% of the respondents buy rice. Therefore, any pro-poor government has to address the food needs of the poor and ensure that affordable rice is available and accessible to them. This should also be accorded high priority in major social safety net schemes. The Government of the Philippines has been supplying rice at subsidized prices through the National Food Authority (NFA), not necessarily to tackle food poverty, but to ensure price and supply stabilization. The subsidized rice sold by the NFA is referred to as NFA rice below, while the rest is referred to as non-NFA rice.
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Mindanao is excluded. Among all the regions, Mindanao has the highest proportion of households to whom no NFA rice is available. It also has the least ERAP stores in the country. As a first step, more ERAP stores should be located in disadvantaged areas, especially Mindanao, as part of the Mindanao Peace and Development Plan, to enable the poor to avail of low-priced basic commodities, including NFA rice

Source InstitutionWorld Bank
Source URL
Page Count211
Place of PublicationPasig City
Original Publication DateMay 30, 2001