After almost 30 years of intermittent fighting and multiple rounds of negotiations, the Government of the Philippines (GPH) and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) are hammering out the details of an agreement intended to end the separatist conflict in Muslim Mindanao.In October 2012 the GPH and the MILF signed a “Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro (FAB), which provides for a new autonomous entity in Muslim Mindanao (the “Bangsamoro”) and outlines in general terms the process for establishing it.In the context of the Philippines’ imperfect democratic politics the quality of politics and governance in the Bangsamoro envisioned in the FAB is highly aspirational –indeed it envisions a transformation of politics and governance.
The FAB creates a “ministerial” (parliamentary) form of government whereas the Philippines traditionally has had a presidential system.
According to the FAB, “The electoral system shall allow democratic participation, ensure accountability of public officers primarily to their constituents and encourage formation of genuinely principled political parties.” The enumeration of basic rights in the FAB includes the right of women to meaningful political participation and the right to freedom from religious, ethnic and sectarian harassment.The FAB also includes a commitment to work out a program of transitional justice to “address the legitimate grievances of the Bangsamoro people, correct historical injustices and address human rights violations.”
|Source Institution||The Asia Foundation|
|Place of Publication||Manila|
|Original Publication Date|