Competition and Policy and Regulation in Ports and Shipping


With the exception of the Subic Bay Freeport and the Mindanao Container Port Terminal, all other ports were spun-off from the PPA port system. As IPAs, the port authorities can set their own rates but normally take a cue from the PPA. The IPAs were created to decentralize control of the PPA, to create more competition with its ports, and to allow an LGU to have greater control of its ports.

Source InstitutionWorld Bank
Source URL
Page Count37
Place of PublicationPasig City
Original Publication DateFebruary 5, 2005