In Mindanao, three decades of intermittent conflict have destroyed infrastructure, displaced populations, deferred development, and engendered mistrust within communities and between communities and the central government. The Philippines was relatively calm for a period after independence in 1946, but conflict flared up again in the late 1960s as growing numbers of Christians settled in predominantly Muslim Mindanao. The resettlement was fostered by a deliberate government policy that gave Mindanao a Christian majority, with Muslims concentrated in the central and southwestern parts of the island. Conflict has been concentrated in these Muslim-majority areas, which include three entire administrative regions (Region IX—Western Mindanao; Region XII— Central Mindanao; and the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, or ARMM) and four provinces in a fourth region (Region XI—Southern Mindanao).
|Source Institution||World Bank|
|Place of Publication||Pasig City|
|Original Publication Date||June 20, 2006|