Community-Driven Development in the Context of Conflict-Affected Countries: Challenges and Opportunities


In Mindanao, three decades of intermittent conflict have destroyed infrastructure, displaced populations, deferred development, and engendered mistrust within communities and between communities and the central government. The Philippines was relatively calm for a period after independence in 1946, but conflict flared up again in the late 1960s as growing numbers of Christians settled in predominantly Muslim Mindanao. The resettlement was fostered by a deliberate government policy that gave Mindanao a Christian majority, with Muslims concentrated in the central and southwestern parts of the island. Conflict has been concentrated in these Muslim-majority areas, which include three entire administrative regions (Region IX—Western Mindanao; Region XII— Central Mindanao; and the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, or ARMM) and four provinces in a fourth region (Region XI—Southern Mindanao).

Source InstitutionWorld Bank
Source URL
Page Count89
Place of PublicationPasig City
Original Publication DateJune 20, 2006