A country of over 7,100 islands in the Pacific Ring of Fire and perennially in typhoons’ path, the Philippines is a hot spot for natural disasters and for the expected adverse impacts of climate change. It ranks 6 th among 16 “extreme risk” countries in the 2011 Climate Change Vulnerability Index (CCVI) 1 and is the third most vulnerable to disaster risks and natural hazards in the 2011 World Risk Index.
Flash floods that occurred in the first half of 2011 in large areas of Mindanao, in the Bicol Region, in Metro Manila, in Pampanga, in Eastern Samar—and landslides caused by continuous heavy rains in Leyte, in Bukidnon, and in other areas when dry weather was expected—are clear indications of the country experiencing abnormal weather patterns and extreme weather events. The flash floods and landslides were not caused by typhoons but by low pressure areas (LPAs); loss to life, livelihood, and property were enormous. After exacting a heavy toll on life and property, typhoons Pedring (Nesat) and Quiel (Nalgae) in October 2011 left large portions of the major rice- producing provinces of Bulacan, Tarlac, and Pampanga in Central Luzon still inundated weeks after the typhoons had left. Human activities—the conversion of large areas of mangroves into aquaculture ponds and heavy siltation of rivers—aggravated the flooding.
|Source Institution||World Bank|
|Place of Publication||Pasig City|
|Original Publication Date||January 1, 2013|