In the peace building sector, assistance is given to support efforts to solve problems in the western areas of Mindanao, the Philippines. Armed conflict between the Muslim anti-government organization and the government of the Philippines continued in this area for many years starting in the 1970s. Due to this conflict, a shortage of basic social services in the area was prominent and local residents were forced to live in extreme poverty. The long armed conflict finally ended in 2003 when the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) branched off from the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) in 1984 and the government reached a cease-fire agreement, following the peace agreement concluded in 1996 between MNLF and the government. Peace negotiations are currently underway. Based on the Support Package for Peace and Stability in Mindanao that Japan announced in 2002, projects have been implemented mainly in support of medical, agricultur- al and health sectors, as well as the capacity development of Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).
Taking the visit of President Ogata to the Philippines in September 2006 as an opportunity, JICA started assistance to areas where MILF exer- cises great influence in order to contribute to the conclusion pro- cess of a peace agreement. JICA dispatched personnel to the International Monitoring Team (IMT) in October 2006, and com- menced an emergency reconstruction project at the community level in conflict-affected areas as well as the formulation of mid- and long-term development plans in the areas in February 2007.
|Source Institution||Japan International Cooperation Agency|
|Place of Publication||Manila|
|Original Publication Date|