The 1996 peace agreement between the government of the Republic of the Philippines and the Moro National Liberation Front ( MNLF) led to the establishment of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao ( ARMM) consisting of five provinces and one city. Many years of armed conflict have left the ARMM, with a population of about 3.25 million residents 1 , the least socioeconomically developed region in the Philippines, and having its poverty incidence 48.7%, which is more than double the country’s average 19.7% 2 . The setback in full - scale restoration and development stems from delayed peace talks between the government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front ( MILF ) that broke away from the original MNLF, various types of infrastructure lacking development, and other factors. In particular, t he lack of administrative capability of the ARMM government, in which power has devolved through the “autonomy” specially approved under the constitution of the Philippines based on the 1996 peace agreement, has been an obstacle. More specifically, the causes include dysfunctional government, inadequately t rained new staff members including former MNLF officials and soldiers, and delays in delegating specific administrative power to the ARMM and developing a support system for that purpose. For the above reasons, JICA implemented the ARMM Administrative Capacity Development P roject (December 2004 – March 2007) to improve the basic skills of ARMM government executives and officials (a total of about 440 members) who participated in the training. As a result, these executives and officials have improved their basic knowledge about administration and regional development, and thus demonstrated better skills in planning and management.
|Source Institution||Japan International Cooperation Agency|
|Place of Publication||Metro Manila|
|Original Publication Date|