This working paper presents the findings and recommendations of a revi ew undertaken to identify how gender is addressed in various conflict and post- conflict situations in the Philippines, with a focus on Mindanao. Published and unpublished documents, books and websites were consulted to review recent and ongoing efforts to address gender and gender issues in communities affected by conflict, some of which are no longer experiencing conflict while others are still affected by violence. To validate and complement the findings from the desk review, twelve gender focal points and program managers were interviewed in the cities of Manila, Zamboanga, Davao, and Cotabato.
The review identified three major categories of issues in Mindanao and corresponding interventions to address these issues: (i) access to basic services, (ii) protection and security of internally displaced populations, and (iii) disarmament, demobilization and reintegration. In all cases, while the review notes important efforts to address gender concerns around these three sets of issues, there is also a need for greater coordination and a mo re systematic approach to mainstreaming gender in conflict-affected regions. The review also notes the need to address gender through multi-sectoral approaches.
The paper also presents briefly five case studies of interesting interventions or approaches which may offer lessons for future post-conflict reconstruction in Mindanao. The case studies cover the psychosocial effects of conflict on children, gender-sensitive community-based ed ucation for peace, micro-lending and entrepreneurial training in peace zones, the Go and See Visit program for internally displaced persons that are trying to decide whether to return to their places of origin, an d a livelihood assistance program for ex-combatants and their families.
|Source Institution||World Bank|
|Place of Publication||Pasig City|
|Original Publication Date||January 1, 2005|